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University Archives: The Schools of CWRU

 

  "The very fact that Western Reserve does not run true to the common patterns prevalent in the country makes it difficult to explain our organization easily to others."  
 
- Winfred George Leutner
 

 

In spite of the complexities, which have only increased since President Leutner's 1938 comment, the staff of the Archives has compiled this summary of the schools and colleges of Case Western Reserve University and its predecessors. Included are the dates each was established and terminated and their names. A similar summary has been made of the legal entities, the Corporations of CWRU.

Selecting "birth and death" dates of schools is one of the complexities. Several schools began life as a single course, evolving into a department and later a separate school. Others originated as independent institutions, only later becoming schools of the University. Some ceased to exist as separate schools but remained as departments. Another complexity is changing terminology. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the terms school and department were often used interchangeably in the University.

The dates used in the accompanying diagram reflect the school's existence as an entity separate from other schools within the University.


Undergraduate Schools of CWRU

 

Graduate and Professional Schools of CWRU

1826 Western Reserve College established.
1843 Cleveland Medical College established.
1844 Cleveland Medical College renamed the Medical Department of Western Reserve College.
1880 Case School of Applied Science established.
1882 Western Reserve College renamed Adelbert College of Western Reserve University.
1888 College for Women established by WRU.
  Cleveland Conservatory of Music affiliated with WRU.
1871 Cleveland Conservatory of Music was established.
  Western Reserve School of Design for Women affiliated with WRU and renamed School of Art.
1882 Western Reserve School of Design for Women was established.
1891 School of Law established by WRU.
  School of Art affiliation with WRU ended.
1892 Dental Department established by WRU.
  Department of Graduate Instruction established by WRU.
  School of Law renamed Franklin Thomas Backus Law School of Western Reserve University.
1895 Cleveland Conservatory of Music affiliation with WRU ended.
1903 Library School established by WRU.
1906 Dental School sold to Western Reserve Dental School Company, a for-profit corporation. Degrees continued to be conferred by WRU.
1908 Cleveland School of Pharmacy affiliated with WRU.
1882 Cleveland School of Pharmacy was established by the Cleveland Pharmaceutical Association.
1910 Medical Department of WRU absorbed the Medical Department of Ohio Wesleyan University. The Medical Department of Ohio Wesleyan University (1896-1910) was the successor school of several rival Cleveland-based medical schools, including the Charity Hospital Medical College (1865-1869) and the Medical Department of the University of Wooster (1869-1896).
1913 Medical Department of WRU renamed the School of Medicine of WRU.
1915 School of Applied Social Sciences established by WRU.
1917 Cleveland School of Pharmacy renamed the Cleveland School of Pharmacy of Western Reserve University.
  Dental School re-purchased by Western Reserve University.
1921 Graduate School suspended.
1923 School of Nursing established by WRU.
1921 Nursing Education Department was established in the College for Women.
1924 Library School renamed School of Library Science.
  Dental School renamed School of Dentistry.
  School of Nursing absorbed the schools of Nursing at Lakeside Hospital, Maternity Hospital, and Babies Hospital and Dispensary.
1898 Lakeside School for Nurses was established.
Establishment dates of the Maternity Hospital and Babies Hospital and the Dispensary Nursing schools are not known.
1925 Cleveland College established.
1926 Cleveland College renamed Cleveland College of Western Reserve University Affiliated with Case School of Applied Science.
  Graduate School re-established by WRU.
1928 School of Education established by WRU, combining the College for Women Education Department, the Nursery-Kindergarten-Primary Training Department, the Cleveland School of Education, and the Senior Teacher's College of Western Reserve University and the Cleveland School of Education.

1874 Cleveland Normal Training School was established by the Cleveland Board of Education. In 1919, the Cleveland Normal Training School was renamed the Cleveland School of Education.
1915 A joint summer program between WRU and the Cleveland School of Education was established and renamed in 1920 the Senior Teacher's College of Western Reserve University and the Cleveland School of Education.
1916 Education Department was established in the College for Women.
1927 Department of Nursery-Kindergarten-Primary Training was established by WRU after the program was transferred by the Cleveland Day Nursery and Free Kindergarten Association of Cleveland.
1929 Cleveland School of Architecture affiliated with WRU.
1924 Cleveland School of Architecture was established.
1931 College for Women renamed Flora Stone Mather College of Western Reserve University.
1934 Cleveland College affiliation with the Case School of Applied Science ended. Case opened its own Evening Division.
1935 School of Nursing renamed Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing of Western Reserve University.
1941 Cleveland School of Architecture renamed School of Architecture.
1945 School of Education closed. Its successor, the Department of Education, closed in 1979.
1947 Case School of Applied Science renamed Case Institute of Technology.
1949 Cleveland School of Pharmacy of Western Reserve University closed.
1952 School of Business established by WRU combining the Cleveland College Division of Business Administration and the Graduate School Division of Business Administration.
1925 Cleveland College Division of Business Administration was established.
1943 Graduate School Division of Business Administration was established.
1953 School of Architecture closed. Its successor, the Department of Architecture, closed in 1972.
1967 Case Institute of Technology and Western Reserve University merged to establish Case Western Reserve University. Case Institute of Technology continued as an undergraduate college of Case Western Reserve University.
  School of Management was established by CWRU, combining the WRU School of Business and the Case Division of Organizational Sciences.
1963 Case Division of Organizational Sciences was established.
  School of Graduate Studies established by CWRU, combining the WRU Graduate School and Case School of Graduate Studies.
1931 Case established a regular graduate program.
  School of Engineering established by CWRU. It consisted of the Case Division of Engineering.
1961 Case Division of Engineering was established by consolidating the departments of Mechanical, Chemical, Civil, and Electrical Engineering.
1971 Adelbert, Flora Stone Mather, and Cleveland Colleges consolidated.
1973 Consolidated colleges renamed Western Reserve College.
1980 School of Management renamed Weatherhead School of Management.
1981 School of Library Science renamed Matthew A. Baxter School of Information and Library Science.
1986 Matthew A. Baxter School of Information and Library Science closed.
1987 Western Reserve College and Case Institute of Technology combined into The Colleges.
1988 School of Applied Social Sciences renamed Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences.
1992 The Colleges closed. Case School of Engineering and College of Arts and Sciences established.
2003 School of Dentistry renamed School of Dental Medicine.

This summary was compiled by staff of the Archives from sources in the custody of the Archives.

Sources:
1AA Catalogs of Western Reserve University
1B Founding Documents, Case Western Reserve University
1DA Publications of the Office of the President, Case Western Reserve University
1DB6 Records of Charles F. Thwing, President, Western Reserve University (1890-1920)
1DB11 Records of Louis Adelbert Toepfer, President, Case Western Reserve University (1970-1980)
2JD Records of the Board of Trustees, Adelbert and Western Reserve Colleges (1826-1941)
2KD Records of the Board of Trustees, Western Reserve University (1884-1941)
2KE Records of the Executive Committee, Board of Trustees, Western Reserve University (1884-1941)
2LD Records of the Corporation and Board of Trustees, Western Reserve University (1941-1957)
2LE Records of the Executive Committee, Board of Trustees, Western Reserve University (1941-1957)
2N Records of the Corporation and Trustees, Case Western Reserve University (1967- )
3DQ4 Records of the Provost, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Case Western Reserve University
3EE1 Records of the University Faculty, Western Reserve University
19BE Records of the Board of Trustees, Case Institute of Technology
19DA1 Publications of the Office of the President, Case Institute of Technology
24AA Catalogs of the Medical School
29XA Catalogs of the Lakeside Hospital School for Nurses
61B Founding Documents, Cleveland School of Pharmacy
61C Records of Governing Bodies, Cleveland School of Pharmacy
62AA Catalogs of the School of Education
65AA Catalogs of the School of Art

Collections FAQ

Why isn't the book on the shelf?
Find out where a book is before you go to the shelf. Search the Case Catalog to see what it says like
- "Check Shelves" (look on the shelves, find it, & check it out);
- "Just Checked In" (ask staff for help, it's nearby, but too soon to be back on the shelves yet);
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Tip: If it is not available, order an OhioLINK copy
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Return Case or OhioLINK items to any Case library, yes. Case libraries have different hours, so your book might not get checked in on the day you return it if you use a bookdrop.

Return the CPL@Case-KSL books only to KSL, so the collection is here for you & others. Case libraries are not responsible for returning other local libraries’ books. Returning public library books here will not check them off of your account at those libraries.

What does "Check Shelves" mean?
"Check Shelves" means it is supposed to be on the shelf. If it isn’t there, double-check what the Case Catalog currently says to make sure that nobody else has checked it out or has kept it out too long.
How long does reshelving take?
The times are different, depending on what is being reshelved and what time of semester it is. KSL goal: to reshelve journals within 24 weekday hours, reshelve books within 48 hours. During peak times (end of semester) the time can be longer. Ask staff at the Main Service Desk for help.
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Books are on the shelves for anyone who needs them, and are not reserved for individual use. If our book is checked out, order a copy from the OhioLINK.
Where are the UL Storage Stacks?
KSL has a university center half a mile from KSL, where lesser used or brittle books are kept, and the catalog search screen will display "UL Storage." You can visit the Center during daytime hours, or use an online request form to bring back the item to KSL. The center is now called RRCC (Retrospective Research Collections Center.)
Can I get a book or video on a specific date?
Yes, Case faculty, staff, & students can find out more details and use a convenient online request form for Book a Video or DVD  (KSL’s other collections are available only on a first-come basis for everyone, and cannot be booked ahead of time.)
What does a Book on Order mean? When will it get here?
When the catalog item displays “1 copy ordered for (library name)” the item is already in the library getting the final processing labels, etc., and will soon be on the shelf! Ask staff if there are other copies avaialable in OhioLINK in the meantime, or if you have an urgent need.
What is a PIN?
Your PIN is not assigned, you choose what it is and enter it on the Case Catalog at “View Your Library Record,” following the instructions. A Case Library PIN is a Personal Identification Number that protects your information, just like your bank ATM asks for a similar security PIN.
How do I get a library account & where can I look at it?
Case faculty, staff, and students automatically have online library accounts. You can look at it on the Case Catalog under “View your library record.” Use your library account to renew items on line and keep track of what you have checked out or ordered from OhioLINK or RRCC or Iron Mountain sites. Your Case ID is your library card!

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