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Fifty Original Leaves from Medieval Manuscripts, Western Europe, XII-XVI century


These fifty manuscript leaves were selected to illustrate the art of the manuscript during the period of its greatest development and influence. They have been taken from books written in various European scriptoria by Benedictine, Franciscan, Carthusian, Dominican, and other orders of monks. Many are enriched with handsome borders, initial letters, and line-endings rendered in color, and twenty-five are illuminated with burnished gold or silver. The texts include the Bible, various church service books, the writings of the Church Fathers, and some of the classics.

Changes in book hands from the revived carolingian to the angular and round gothic, the bâtarde, and humanistic style of writing are illustrated. Tools, materials, and their use and preparation are described, and some methods of dating and allocating the provenance of the book from which the leaf was taken are pointed out on the label attached to each of the leaves.

The leaves were accumulated and selected and all of the accompanying information was prepared over a period of forty years by the late Otto F. Ege, Dean of the Cleveland Institute of Art and Lecturer on History of the Book at the School of Library Science, Western Reserve University, now Case Western Reserve University. The leaves are available in the Otto F. Ege Collections in Digital Case, presented with written permission of the Elizabeth Ege Freudenheim Estate.


XII Century: Early XIV Century: Late
1.  Switzerland:  New Testament 25. France: Psalter (Illuminated)
XII Century: Middle 26. France: Missal (Illuminated)
2.  Spain:  Missal  
3.  Italy:  Lectionary XV Century: Early
XII Century: Late 27. Italy: Antiphonal 
4.  France: Psalter XV Century: Middle
  28. Northern France: Book of Hours (Illuminated)
XIII Century: Early 29. France: Book of Hours (Illuminated)
5.  France:  Bible 30. France: Book of Hours (Illuminated)
6.  England:  Cambridge Bible 31. France: Book of Hours (Illuminated)
7.  England:  Aurora 32. Italy: Gradual (Illuminated)
8.  England:  Gradual 33. Germany: Missal 
XIII Century: Middle 34. Italy: Psalter 
9.  France:  Bible 35. France: Writings of St. Jerome (Illuminated)
10. Germany:  Psalter (Illuminated) 36. France: Book of Hours (Illuminated)
11. Italy: Bible 37. Italy: Epistolary 
12. France:  Psalter (Illuminated) 38. France: Missal 
13. England:  Oxford Bible 39. Italy: Livy's History of Rome
XIII Century: Late XV Century: Late
14. France: Bible (Illuminated) 40. Italy: Thomas Aquinas Commentary on the Sentences
15. France: Missal (Illuminated) 41. France: Dialogues 
16. France: Breviary (Illuminated) 42. Germany: Psalter 
17: England: Psalter (Illuminated)  43. The Netherlands: Book of Hours
18. France: Breviary 44. Germany: Bible 
  45. France: Book of Hours (Illuminated)
XIV Century: Early 46. Northern France: Book of Hours (Illuminated)
19. Italy: Vulgate Bible (Illuminated) 47. The Netherlands: Book of Hours (Illuminated)
20. The Netherlands: Psalter (Illuminated) 48. The Netherlands: Book of Hours (Illuminated)
21. France: Hymnal (Illuminated)   
22. Germany: Missal  XVI Century
23. France: Breviary (Illuminated)  49. Germany: Missal 
24. England: Book of Hours (Illuminated) 50. France: Book of Hours (Illuminated)

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